In her book, People's Science, Ruha takes the reader inside California's 2004 stem cell initiative— the first of many state referenda on scientific research—and examines the lives it has affected. Benjamin reveals the promise and peril of public participation in science, illuminating issues of race, disability, gender, and socio-economic class that serve to define certain groups as more or less deserving in their political aims and biomedical hopes.
Ruha is currently working on an international comparative project, Provincializing Science, which examines how the uptake of genomic science in different countries reflects, reinforces, and sometimes challenges racial and caste hierarchies.
Ruha received a Ph.D. in sociology at the University of California Berkeley in 2008, and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at UCLA's Institute for Society and Genetics. She was an American Council of Learned Societies fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School's Science, Technology, and Society Program and has received numerous fellowships and grants for research and has been invited to dozens of international talks and panels.